MASCHITO

Comune of the province of Potenza (Lucania) located 595 meters above sea
level. It is part of the "Albanese island", composed of various towns never
Italianized, located in the Vulture region of the province. This comune,
however, more than the others, retains the dress and language of the
motherland. It was a village, when in 1467 and 1534 Albanian refugees,
fleeing Turkish domination, settled there. To these were added refugees from
Carone and Maida. For the first two centuries they kept the Greek rite in the
church of Saint Nicholas, now spoiled/destroyed [tr. note: the word used is
dirutto. I don't know the intent of the author - whether the church was
actually destroyed or modified/mutilated e.g. by removal of the iconostasis
and other Greek rite fixtures], later they accepted the Latin rite.

After the fires of 1595, Maschito appeared to have a little more than
1,000 inhabitants, in following years the population decreased because of
frequent epidemics. In 1800, there were 2,740 inhabitants which increased
until 1881 and then sharply dropped because of intense overseas emigration.
By 1921 the emigration ceased and the population rose to 3,077 and 3,301 in
1931.

The area of the comune (45.49 sq. Km.), of volcanic origin, produces very
strong wine. Two Km. from the town, a hot sulfur spring, called Fetente
(Stinky), forms a small lake; another, il Lorentino, has fresh water.
Maschito is served by the postal highway going to Potenza and Melfi and has a
train station on the Rocchetta-Gioia line, 13 Km. from the town.

---translated from the Enciclopedia Italiana
Thanks to Rose Albrizio of Comunes of Italy
 
 

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